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Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions- Increased blood pressure, a high blood sugar level, excess body fat around the waist and abnormal cholesterol levels-that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
Having just one of these conditions doesn’t mean you have metabolic syndrome. However, any of these conditions increase your risk of serious disease. If more than one of these conditions occur in combination, your risk is even greater.
Getting more physical activity, losing weight and quitting smoking help reduce blood pressure and improve cholesterol and blood sugar levels.  These changes are key to decreasing your risk for chronic long term illness.
1. Exercise  Doctors recommend getting 30 or more minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as a brisk walking, every day.
2. Lose weight  Losing as little as 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can reduce insulin levels and blood pressure and decrease your risk of diabetes.
3. Eat healthy  The [ ... ]

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WHY SHOULD DIABETES BE TREATED?

Over time high blood sugars cause damage to large and small blood vessels.  This damage increases the risk of problems with the heart, eyes, kidneys, feet, and legs.  High blood sugars also damage nerves throughout the body.  The purpose of treating diabetes is to keep the blood sugar as close to normal as possible.  When the blood sugar is kept close to normal you can prevent these problems.  A normal blood sugar is fasting under 100 and random (non fasting anytime of the day is under 140). 
People with diabetes are 10 times more likely to have a lower limb amputated than those without diabetes.  Diabetes can cause or contribute to a number of eye diseases, from retinal bleeding and swelling to cataracts and glaucoma.
Patients with leg pain should report it to their Physicians.  People with risk factors such as Hypertension or Diabetes should take care of the medical conditions that [ ... ]

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November is Diabetes Education Month

By: Marvel Blazek, ARNP

When a person has diabetes, the food he or she eats cannot be used for energy because
the body is not making enough of the hormone, insulin, OR the insulin the person has is
not working the way it should. Insulin is made in the pancreas, an organ that lies behind
the stomach.

Most food is broken down into a form of sugar called glucose. Sugar is the body’s main
source of energy. As sugar enters the bloodstream, the amount of sugar in the blood
rises. Normally the body reacts to the rise in blood sugar by signaling the pancreas to
send insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin helps sugar leave the bloodstream and enter
the cells. To understand how insulin works, think of a cell as a house with many locked
doors. Insulin is the key that unlocks the doors and lets sugar leave the bloodstream and
enter the cells.

When a person has diabetes, the pancreas makes [ ... ]

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