Over time high blood sugars cause damage to large and small blood vessels. This damage increases the risk of problems with the heart, eyes, kidneys, feet, and legs. High blood sugars also damage nerves throughout the body. The purpose of treating diabetes is to keep the blood sugar as close to normal as possible. When the blood sugar is kept close to normal you can prevent these problems. A normal blood sugar is fasting under 100 and random (non fasting anytime of the day is under 140).
People with diabetes are 10 times more likely to have a lower limb amputated than those without diabetes. Diabetes can cause or contribute to a number of eye diseases, from retinal bleeding and swelling to cataracts and glaucoma.
Patients with leg pain should report it to their Physicians. People with risk factors such as Hypertension or Diabetes should take care of the medical conditions that may lead to or complicate vascular disease.
Over time, diabetes, if not managed effectively, can increase the risk of complications such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, bacterial and fungal infections as well as damage to nerves, kidneys, and eyes. For all people who are diabetic yearly eye and dental exams are a must. Diabetics also need to follow up with their doctor as per his or her directions.
McGregor Lott, MD
Nosheen Azam, MD
Denise Nelson, RN 641-743-6189 ext 299
Adair County Health System
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