What is Colorectal Cancer?
- Colorectal cancer is the out of control growth of cells in the colon or rectum. These cells grow into masses, or tumors.
- Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women in the USA and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths.
Did you know…?
- Abdominal cancers include adrenocortical tumors, carcinomas of the stomach, cancer of the pancreas, colorectal carcinomas, carcinoid tumors, and gastrointestinal stoma tumors.
- Early screening can be lifesaving. Everyone 50 and over with Medicare are covered. If you are 40 and have a family history, ask your doctor.
- Men and women alike get colon cancer; however, people at higher risk for developing colon cancer include those with a history of inflammatory bowel disease (including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease) and those with a family history of colon cancer.
- The two most common inherited syndromes linked with colorectal cancer are familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), also known as lynch syndrome. FAP is caused my mutations in the APC gene inherited from your parents.
- Women with HNPCC have a high risk of also developing cancer of the endometrium (lining of the uterus). Other cancers linked with HNPCC include cancer of the ovary, stomach, small bowel, pancreas, kidney, brain, ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder), and bile duct.
- Screening methods include stool tests to check for blood, Sigmoidoscopy, Colonoscopy, double contrast barium enema, and CT colonography.
- Research has shown that early detection is key. Have you had your colon cancer screening test?
- Dr. Baccam performs colonoscopies here at ACHS. To schedule call 641-743-6189.
Denise Grandgenett, RN
Adair County Health System
Credits: American Cancer Society Bets Davis, MFA Mayo Clinic Staff
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